Universal Assistant 

 In the past, Bouvier des Flandres was a lot of names, including "dirty beard» (vuilbaard), «Cow Dog» (koe hond), «beater cows» (toucheur de beuf), and then came the present name. In Flanders, there has long been undemanding, hardy and ferocious dogs c coarse wool, which are used to protect the owner's good and grazing cattle. They performed a variety of work on the farm, including their means of transporting goods, such as cans of milk, for which the dogs harnessed to the cart. Shaggy aides spun as a millstone in a mill. Bouvier was involved in almost everything that was happening in the economy, but its main purpose - to corral cattle. For the farm was an ideal universal Bouvier breed. Rough klokastaya wool protects it in bad weather, which made it possible to perform the most difficult and complex task in any environment.
Bouvier ancestors.
Bouvier des Flandres ancestors were large and sturdy Belgian shepherd dogs, which are famous for their superior performance characteristics. The closest relatives of the Bouvier des Flandres - coarsewooled sheep of Europe, which include, above all, the Belgian sheepdog lakenua, French Shepherd - Briard and Picardy skuyu Shepherd and Dutch Shepherd coarse. Picardy Shepherds are very similar to the Bouvier old type, as can be ascertained by looking at the photographs and drawings of the late nineteenth century. Moreover, when in the early twentieth century, were selected for breeding Bouvier des Flandres, many of them were erect ears, like a modern Picardy ovcharki.O origin working breeds can only speculate, because their history is usually not supported by any documentary evidence. Rural dogs are of little interest to artists and poets. The past Bouvier des Flandres is also found very conflicting information. For example, P. Manetti refers to J. Chastelain (Chstel), which is considered one of the founder of modern breeding Bouvier. Chastelain believed that the Bouvier des Flandres was placed in the Abbey de Dune by crossing local Matin (mastifopobobnye old shepherd guard dogs in France and Belgium) and exported from the UK Scottish deer hounds (Deerhound). For this version of the coarse and stiff wool Bouvier, as well as his deep chest was inherited from the Deerhound.

Flanders - the birthplace of the breed.
The history of Bouvier des Flandres is inextricably linked with the history of the homeland of the breed - Flanders, which in the Middle Ages was one of the most economically developed regions of Europe. Then, the medieval county was one of 17 historic provinces of the Netherlands. Subsequently, the bulk of Flanders became part of Belgium (eastern provinces to the center of Bruges), and another part is a part of France and Niderlandov.S 1555 to 1714 years, Flanders was under the domination of the Spaniards, modern Spanish dog experts believe that with invaders from Lombardy could get and dogs that are mixed with local dogs and their offspring could be ancestors of the Bouvier des Flandres. Another author, Deshambr (Deschambre), held that a Bouvier occurred by crossing the Griffon (Wirehaired hunting and herding dogs) with starotipnymi Beauceron. Be that as it may, the modern Italian canine P. Manetti considers that the formation of the image Bouvier des Flandres influenced, mainly, the special climate of Flanders, which did not have a particularly low temperatures, but very wet and windy. Under such conditions, thick rough and tight hair Bouvier created him a very good defense. Endurance Bouvier defined and spartan conditions: dogs on farms poorly fed, and their health have not been paying any attention. About to build a decent dog kennel, there was no question. Some lucky Bouvier more: they are not tied to a chain, so they were able to find at least a suitable shelter is wind and rain. However, these dogs on a chain, even in a thunderstorm preferred to settle on the roof of his doghouse primitive to continue to monitor districts and protect the master's yard. Even modern Bouvier retain this feature: despite the bad weather, they choose a place and settle for higher office.
The formation of the modern Bouvier des Flandres.
Up until the early twentieth century, factory owners did not give much value the appearance of herding dogs, including the early Bouvier, dogs were not aligned to the type and growth. In 1804 the Belgian Veterinary School Professor A. Reul studied and tracked the Belgian Shepherd among them are five types, one of which became the prototype of the modern Bouvier des Flandres. This was the so-called "Cow Dog» (chien de vfches). In the book "Dog Breeds" Reul wrote "... cow dog more often something else, as Shepherd (Belgium) more powerful, with a massive muzzle and very unpretentious, she accompanies the cattle traders while they are crossing in the village fairs and markets, driving the cattle on the road.
The objective of this dog is also in the observation of the cows in the pasture. In all of our cow farm also serves as a guard dog in the night watches the yard. "In the same year in the book of H. de Bilandta shows a photograph of a dog, which bears the signature" Customs dog at the show in Roubaix "(a city in northern France) which is very similar to the first buve.V early twentieth century, Bouvier was customary for the Ardennes and the province of Liege, said that in 1908, J. For the book, "The Watchtower, a police dog and a bodyguard." He writes that the Bouvier is different from the Shepherds powerful physique, vicious temper, coarsewooled Bouvier usually yellowish-gray color, and short-haired - a darker, even chernogo.V Bouvier in 1908 won first prize in a free class for show dogs, organized by the Society of St. Hubert. Then, at an exhibition in 1911 at Ypres Emberht judge said about dogs presented: "Show dogs can be divided into three categories. The first type I call the pair, called the breeder, who represented the dogs of this type. In general, it is a beautiful dog, gray or gray-black color (mottled), with a rough or "goat" wool, with well-developed skeleton, not too big, rather, of medium height, they are perfectly composed for those tasks for which they are intended: protection and maintenance of livestock. The second type: the type Moerman (also called "de Ruler" - "de Roulers», that is "out of Rulera", so called the Belgian town of Roeselare). This modern type of dog, they have shown quite a lot. Beautiful, black color, with a stiff hair, large, even very large growth. These dogs are too heavy and the structure of the joints of the joints is poor. But despite the shortcomings, this type of interest, and with the help of selection can be found on the basis of these dogs good results. The third type is less interesting: let's call it "type of briar," on which these dogs were similar. Perhaps the dogs of this type have a common ancestor with the briar, the features are present in their appearance. "Opinions about what should be a Bouvier, who has not had the name" Flandres ", were different. For example, these dogs were called "picardy» (Picard or Pikhaar), but not from the word "Picardy," and because the dog was stiff hair (poil qui pique - stitching wool). In addition, this name was common among the French traders in cattle, and it mattered - "bite." The dog should flush the cattle, biting animal's legs (coup de pique - the bite). The habit of biting animals that do not harm them - a characteristic feature of the Bouvier. There is also the view that the name "Picard" is formed from the team, "Mark!» («Pique»). In the early twentieth century, Bouvier was known as "Picard" or "Bouvier De ruler," as it was believed that all come from the city Bouvier Ruler. For a long time breeders could not come to a consensus that these two so-called species should be a single rock, but in the end, Bouvier des Flanders ediiuyu crystallized into rock.
The publication and the official recognition of the breed.
First Bouvier des Flandres was demonstrated at an exhibition in Brussels in 1910. In 1912, Flanders was organized by the Society of the breeders of this breed, which has developed a standard for the breed in the city of Courtrai, based on the description of Professor Bouvier Reulom in 1903. Flourished Bouvier des Flandres, which were close to having to take their rightful place in the world of dog breeding. But, unfortunately, during the First World War, the breed has suffered significant damage. Where the main population was concentrated, were the most powerful bombardment. Most of the Bouvier in Belgium died or were taken to Germany (where, most likely in 1914-1918 served as the basis for breeding Giant Schnauzer breed, although the Germans prefer to keep quiet about it). Many dogs also died on the battlefields: Bouvier dogs were used as orderlies, connected to other needs of the army. Bouvier Gamen (type pair) for his services during the war was even awarded the Medal of the Red Cross. After the war, Bouvier were well known, despite the existence of two standards: for Belgian Bouvier (type Ruler or Moreman) and French (type pair). At home breed after the war, thanks to the efforts of enthusiasts, a few managed to keep the Bouvier des Flandres. With the help of dogs and livestock breeds has been restored. In 1920, the Belgian army veterinarian, presented at the exhibition in Anver first champion Nick de Bouvier des Flandres Sottegem. Nick was recognized as the standard rock and left behind him a numerous offspring. Bouvier at that time was very different from modern dogs. However, over the years with the breed Bouvier breeders managed to get a square format, with a strong body, proudly planted a large, coarse head, none, richly decorated with bushy eyebrows, mustache and beard, with good strong legs,
with a brave character, with thick hair cover gray and black okrasa.V 1922 was organized by the National Belgian Bouvier des Flandres Club, which received the 1923 standard. The merit of the Belgian breeders is that, having received Bouvier superior physical type, they were able to preserve valuable working qualities of the breed. This is largely determined by the fact that in Belgium for the title of "champion" Bouvier des Flandres should always confirm the quality of their work in the police, military or protective guard sluzhbe.Nazvanie "Bouvier des Flandres" finally replaced the name "Belgian Bouvier" in Belgium in 1928 year. In 1931, France has decided to merge the two rock types in a single breed under the name "Bouvier des Flandres", as a publication. However, only in 1937, after meeting the French and Belgian judges in Lille, it was decided to issue a single standard. Nevertheless, even in one of the books on dog breeding in 1955 were published three standards, although very similar in content: Bouvier des Flandres, Bouvier de Ardennes Bouvier and ruler, all of them, in fact, described the breed, which is now known as the Bouvier des Flandres . the basis for modern standard developed in 1961 Chastelain, Verbank and Thorpe (Thorpe was then the president of French Club), who had gathered in the estate "Red Apple" in Buaffale. It was there that year held a meeting of French lovers of the breed. The most heated debate arose over the color. The French insisted that the black color is excluded from the standard, since it matches the type of the old Bouvier de Ruler. Dogs of this type were too large, leschevatymi, with short hair. The Belgians fought the black color, because they believed that novice breeders will be difficult to determine the true color of newborn pups that are born almost black, and then change the color to gray. They also believed that the use of black in the breeding of dogs is necessary in order to avoid the appearance of very bright dog. As a result, the black color was seen as acceptable but not desirable. The new standard was introduced FCI May 31, 1965. In 1969 at a meeting attended by Thorpe, Le Lann, Malak and Martino from France and Chastelain and Verbank from Belgium, it was decided to issue a booklet with a single standard and comments to him. This standard is valid with minor modifications, to this day.
The centers of the modern breeding of the breed.
The main centers for breeding Bouvier des Flandres are in those countries from which this breed is in France, Belgium and Holland. One of the oldest nurseries in France, "De la Boy» (de la Boheme) Jean Cotte of Amiens existed from 1909 to 1960. From this nursery place, many modern French champions. From 1937 he worked as a Belgian nursery Edme Donneparka "du Clos de Serber» (du Clos des Cerberes) near
Anver. Until 1962 France was known kennel "De la Vallee de l` Ekeyon »(de la Vallee de l` Ecaillon) in Tiante. Kennel "Du Posti Harlequin» (du Posty Arlequin) in F.Gryulua Tyuine established in 1954, it is still relevant today. At its heart were two bitches from kennel "de la Tyudini» (de la Thudihie). Since 1933, Bouvier Chastelain are his kennel prefix "de la Tyudini." The family has always worked Chastelain dogs in the above privacy, his father and uncle were bred and trained by the Belgian Shepherd Malinois, then they have got and Bouvier des Flandres. From Lucifer and Albion de Bercy was obtained Mirett bitch. The descendants of her son Soprano vsirechayutsya the best pedigrees of modern Bouvier. J. Chastelain, even at the age of eight or ten years, continued his favorite breed. In France and Belgium, Bouvier des Flandres are widespread, they are used to protect and to serve in the police. Each year, the French studbook (LOF) registers 600 Bouvier. (The book is written of dogs that are one year old were rated on the show.) In this country, Bouvier tested, in which the estimated natural "grip" the dog. In addition, the club organizes competitions of this breed in obedience, protective guard and shepherd's service. In Belgium, every registered 500 Bouvier puppies. In the Netherlands, Bouvier des Flandres became especially popular in the 1980s, when the stud book was written 10 000 dogs a year are now logged about 3000 Bouvier. Bouvier Netherlands are somewhat larger than the French and Belgian, and their color is mostly black with a small admixture of gray hair, the hair is longer, more undulating and less rigid, with a predominance of undercoat. Many Bouvier attend classes at the training center, some of them used to work with the police. The most famous nurseries of Holland "trench Van» (Van Rovika), «Van de Vanenblikhoeve» (Van de Vanenblikhoeve, since 1979 the owner-Broyntesh Shaap been breeding schnauzers and Bouvier des Flandres), "Van de Overstort» («Van de Overstort» ), "van het Gebufte» («Van het Geboefte»). Since 1989, the Dutch prohibited cupping his ears, and since 2000, and tails. Quite popular and Bouvier des Flandres in the UK, Sweden, Denmark, Gervanii, Spain and Italy. In Russia, the breed has been known since the 1980's, interest in it increased after the importation of several manufacturers of the Dutch nursery "Van de Vanenblikhoeve." Representatives of the nursery and their descendants perform successfully on the first major U.S. vystavkah.V Bouvier des Flandres were imported in 1920, and in 1931 the first representatives of the breed were recorded in the stud book in 1945, after there were two dogs were brought from the Belgian nursery "Du Clos de Serber," on which Bouvier began farming in America. Popularity of this breed is promoted Jacqueline Kennedy, wife of U.S. President. Bouvier popular in Canada and Argentina. In Australia flanndrskih Bouvier Department of Agriculture uses to grazing and protection of cows.
Appointment Bouvier des Flandres today.
For someone who wants to have a fearless, strong and reliable guard dog, a Bouvier - a godsend. This strong and courageous dog determined, subject to the owner of a well - it is easy to manage, can be successfully applied for the arrest of criminals. At the same time balanced behavior can teach Bouvier for work as a conduit for the blind, which is quite common practice in European countries. During the First World War due to the lack of strong horses and a strong Bouvier des Flandres was used sled for transporting the wounded and delivery of various cargoes. Bouvier is currently used mostly for protection, a friend and protector of the family, a reliable bodyguard. These dogs may be used in the investigation, care and service connected, as well as a good conductor slepogo.Buve applies to all family members, in which he lives, takes a lot of patience to the antics of children and enjoy playing with them. The dog of this breed can be successfully kept in the yard and the house, it will bring trouble in the house, provided that it will be enough to go out and do it.
Health and Development Bouvier.
Bouvier des Flandres - late-dog, grows very slowly. Reaches full development of the two, and sometimes to three years. Life expectancy of 10-12 years old Bouvier des Flandres. It is recommended to breed a dog is not earlier than two years, females - from the third heat. Females are born normally 6.9 pups, which weigh roughly, the average weight of po500 Bouvier puppy at the age of three months, 13-16 kg, 22-29 kg of six months. The breed in general, different strength and health. Bouvier is one of the breeds that have less of hereditary diseases. Unfortunately, sometimes there are cases of hip dysplasia, so check manufacturer is desirable for this disease.
Feeding.
Many owners of nurseries in France and Holland are fed dry feed Bouvier des Flandres, they believe that the balanced feed these dogs are well-assimilated, digestive difficulties were observed. Puppies are usually fed three times daily for up to six months, then two times - up to one year, then transferred to a dog on a one-time feeding. Some owners feed dogs cooked at home, including in the diet of meat (poultry, fish, eggs), vegetables and grains. In this case, a third of the daily rate of feed dog to give the morning, and the remaining two-thirds - in the evening. Growing dog needs to get meat at the rate of 40 g per 1 kg body weight for an adult dog, this norm is 15-20 g, and for the elderly - '10 When using home-made food to the owner will have to take care of his mustache and beard dogs after feeding them to wipe with a damp towel.
Grooming.
Tough with a thick undercoat hair Bouvier des Flandres is subjected to a light trimming with which underline the contours of the dog's body. Perestrizhennaya wool, violates the natural rough shape of a dog is not allowed. The wool must be carefully combed once a week. Bouvier accustomed to this procedure must be from puppyhood, it was not necessary in the future to fight with snarling shaggy beast. Periodically, besides the basic trimming and cutting, hog hair on the ears and around the tail. Frequently wash the dog is not necessary. This is done to the extent of contamination of wool a few times a year. In preparation for the exhibition should consult with experts. The main rule - wool should not be perestrizhena, trimming emphasize natural forms of the dog. In France and Belgium, and adhere to the minimum trimming Strizhnev, trying to keep the natural look of a Bouvier. Bouvier Holland, as a rule, are more dense and long hair, making it difficult to care for the dog, but lets make it more elegant by trimming and Strizhnev. In the United States and Canada, Bouvier des Flandres preparing for an exhibition at the American style: the dog thoroughly washed, dried with a hair dryer, treated with the means to shine coat that is not consistent with the requirements of the breed. Bouvier coat should be brushed and rigid.
Features of education.
Bouvier is happiest when with him the master. On education he said that "need a firm hand in the suede glove." Bouvier is extremely smart, but there's no inherent desire for independence which, at times he shows stubbornness. If the dog decides that it will not do something, so she'll never do it. Force it would not be persuaded to comply. Need to show restraint, patience, perseverance. Bouvier throughout life remains playful and cheerful disposition. But that does not mean he is stupid. Bouvier in the house is quiet, a little bark. For strangers are very cautious about this excellent keeper and defender. He cares for children and the elderly of their family, knowing that they are weak and defenseless. The dog needs daily exercise, a job she misses and loses shape. The best option when the dog lives in the house with the owner, but has the freedom to go out into the garden or on a private plot. In order to grow a good Bouvier needed exercise. Bouvier relatively calm dog, and if the owner does not move, the dog prefers to do the same. Useful exercise on a bicycle, about 3-4 km, but no earlier than 7.6 months of age. An adult Bouvier is very hardy, and would be happy to accompany the rider on a horse, especially as the dog of this breed get along well with horses and cows. Bad weather for the Bouvier is not terrible, thick coat protects the dog from a great extremes of temperature and moisture. The owner of a Bouvier should always allow time for serious training with the dog. This may be a protective guard or investigative services, ring or agility. In the competition to arrest Bouvier competes with Malinois and German Shepherd.
Olga Mischiha
    
   
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