Bouvier des Flandres 

For Belgium, France and Holland Bouvier des Flandres - the usual breed. In our time, this dog with a memorable appearance is valued for its quality work, primarily as a fearless watchdog. Bouvier reach a height of 70 cm at the withers, but the more they give impressiveness klokastaya thick coat and strong muscles, for which this breed is often referred to as "Belgian bear."
In Bouvier des Flandres was a lot of names, including "dirty beard" (vuilbaard), "Cow Dog" (koe hond), "beater cows" (toucheurde beuf), and only much later came the present name. In the past, Bouvier used to guard and herding cattle, and they helped in the work on the farm, as well as transporting cargo (!), For which they are harnessed to the cart. Thus, once the farms Bouvier used a variety of means, but still their main purpose was to help the herders with a pen of cattle. At the time, they were ideal farm dogs. Coarse hair is securely protected klokastaya Bouvier des Flandres in bad weather, which allowed them to perform the most difficult and complex task in any environment.
It is believed that the ancestors of the Bouvier des Flandres was big and sturdy Belgian shepherd dogs, which are famous for their superior performance characteristics. Probably the closest relatives are the Bouvier des Flandres coarsewooled sheep of Europe, which include, above all, the Belgian sheepdog lakenua, French Shepherd - Briard, and Picard, as well as coarse Dutch Shepherd.
At the beginning of the XX century zavodchikine attached special importance of early appearance of Bouvier, the dogs were not aligned to the type and height, but had excellent working qualities. In 1890, Professor of Veterinary School in Brussels, Belgium Shepherds Reul studied and allocated among these five types, one of which became the prototype of the modern Bouvier des Flandres. The merit of the Belgian breeders that, having received excellent Bouvier type, they were able to preserve valuable working qualities of the breed. This situation is largely determined by the fact that in the Belgian championship for Bouvier des Flandres must be sure to confirm the quality of their work in the police, military or protective guard service. Obviously, titled dogs were bred (and knitted), more often, and thus maintained a high level of job quality livestock.
First Bouvier des Flandres was demonstrated at an exhibition in Brussels in 1910. In 1912 the breed standard was developed, and at the same time in Flanders was organized by the Society of the breeders of this breed. Flourished Bouvier des Flandres, and they were close to having to take their rightful place in the world of dog breeding. But, unfortunately, the First World War caused considerable damage to the rock. In areas of Belgium, where the main population was concentrated, aviation opponents were the most powerful bombardment. As a result, most of the Bouvier died in Belgium and was evacuated to Germany (where, most likely in 1914-1918, they served as the basis for the elimination of the breed giant schnauzer, although the Germans are trying not to talk about). In the homeland of the breed, thanks to the efforts of enthusiasts, a few managed to keep the Bouvier des Flandres. The remaining single specimens were used after the war to restore the population of the breed.
In 1920, the Belgian army veterinarian, presented at the exhibition in Anver first champion Nick de Bouvier des Flandres Sottegem. Nick was recognized as the standard rock and left behind a lot of numerical offspring. Externally, a Bouvier that time was very different from modern dogs.

The updated standard was adopted in Belgium in 1923, later he was found and the American Kennel Club. In the U.S., Bouvier des Flandres has become popular since the 40s. Fame this breed is promoted Jacqueline Kennedy, wife of U.S. President, who was French by birth. Prior to 1965 in France and Belgium, the breed standards were different, but later breeders agreed and has since enjoyed a standard. Naturally, the dogs were used in some other capacity than ever before: how the police and sports.
For someone who wants to have a fearless, strong and reliable guard dog, a Bouvier - a godsend. This strong and courageous dog determined, subject to the owner of a well-controlled, can be successfully applied for the arrest of criminals. Stable performance in the contests Bouvier protective clothing ("The Ring"), where they show a strong, secure grip and fearlessness make them one of the most popular Belgian sporting dogs. At the same time a balanced character, allows the use of a Bouvier to work as conductors of the Blind, which is quite common practice in European countries. It is worth recalling that during World War II due to a lack of horses used in the Bouvier des Flandres sled for transporting the wounded and for the delivery of various cargoes.
Bouvier is good to all members of the family in which he lives, showing great patience with the antics of children and enjoy playing with them. The dog of this breed can be successfully kept in the yard and the house, it will not bring trouble as well in an apartment, provided that it: will be a lot of walking to do,
Bouvier des Flandres - was strong and compact body-built, square format, with a short body, coarse hair. Gives the impression of great strength, without any signs of weakness or clumsiness. This is a lively, intelligent and courageous dog, balanced behavior is evidence of a solid, strong character. A closer look attentive and alert.
The wool is subjected to a light trimming of Bouvier, with which underline the contours of the dog's body. Perestrizhennaya wool, violates the natural rough shape of a dog is not allowed.
Bouvier is currently used mostly for protection, a friend and protector of the family, as well as the personal bodyguard. These dogs can also be used in the investigation, health and coherent service, as well as a conduit for the blind. Head. The size is proportional to the body and the size of the dog, the skull is impressive, exaggerated mustache and beard. The forehead is flat, wide, slightly more than in length. When viewed from the side of the skull and muzzle are parallel. In the eyes of the skull is wide, with a barely perceptible frontal furrow. Go to the snout appears to be more pronounced than it actually is. due to the raised eyebrows. Ratio of the length of the forehead to the muzzle is 3:2.
Eyes. With a bold and resolute expression. Oval and dark brown.
Ears. Set high, alert. Cupping his ears attached to a triangular pointed shape. The outer ear is the angle at the eye.
Muzzle. Broad, strong, well-filled, gradually tapering towards the nose. Cheeks are flat. Lips are tight.
Nose. Large, wide open nostrils, black.
Teeth. Strong, white, scissor bite.
Neck. Strong and muscular, gradually widening towards the shoulders. When viewed from the side of the neck has a nice curve, carried high.
Body. Strong, short and wide.
Chest. Broad, down to the elbows. Ribs well sprung and long.
Spin. Short and broad.
Loin. Short and muscular.
Stomach. Moderately tucked up.
Croup. A broad, gently rounded.
Forelimbs. With strong bones, placed in parallel. The blades are rather long. Elbows should fit snugly to the body. Pasterns short and slightly sloping.
Hind limbs. Strong, well muscled, with broad and strong thighs. Tibia of moderate length. The angles of knee and hock joints are moderately expressed. Hock steep, very short.
Paws. Rounded, with a tightly clenched well-arched toes. Claws strong, black. Pads are hard.
Tail. Set high, of course continues the line of the spine, briefly arrested (leaving 2.3 vertebrae).
Wool. A rough, hairy. Outer coat with a break, hard to the touch, ottrimingovan the length of about 5 cm thick undercoat, thick and soft. The mustache and beard is very thick, on top of the muzzle hairs are short and coarse. On the lower jaw grows heavy thick beard, which gives the dog is very typical for this breed an angry expression. Eyebrow shape emphasize the eyes, not closing them.
Color. From reddish-brown to black with the transition through the sable, the so-called "pepper and salt," gray, mottled or striped. On the breast may be a small white spot. Not allowed white, chocolate-brown and mottled colors.
The height at the withers. Males - 62-68 cm, females - 59-65 cm height ideal male - 65 cm, females - 62 cm
Movement. For the Bouvier des Flandres harmonious and proportional composition is characterized by loose and confident movement. Removal of the front legs should be compensated accordingly jogging movement of the hind limbs. At the trot Bouvier is in the tracks.
Nutrition and health
Many owners of nurseries in France and Holland are fed dry feed Bouvier des Flandres: they believe that a balanced dry food, these dogs are well assimilated, digestive difficulties were observed. Puppies are usually fed up to six months, three times a day, then - before the age of one year - two times, then transferred to a dog on a one-time feeding.
Some owners feed dogs cooked at home, including in the diet of meat, vegetables and grains. In this case, a third of the daily rate of feed dog to give the morning, and the remaining two-thirds - in the evening.
Bouvier des Flandres - late-dog, that is maturing slowly. Reaches full development of the two and sometimes three years. However, Bouvier different strength and health. Special, unique to this breed of hereditary diseases in Bouvier is not observed, moreover, they are among the breeds that have found the least of these ailments. Unfortunately, sometimes there are cases in Bouvier dysplasia of the hip, so it is desirable to check the disease producers.
Care Bouvier
Tough with a thick undercoat hair Bouvier des Flandres must be carefully combed once a week. In-uchat Bouvier to this procedure must be from puppyhood, it was not necessary in the future to fight with snarling shaggy beast. Periodically, besides the basic trimming and cutting, hog hair on the ears and around the tail. Frequently wash the dog is not necessary. This is done to the extent of contamination of wool, a few times a year. In preparation for the exhibition Bouvier should consult with experts. The main rule - wool should not be perestrizhena, trimming emphasize natural forms of the dog.
The content and training
Bouvier is happiest when with him his master. On education he said that "we need a steady hand in the suede glove." Bouvier is extremely smart, but it has some inherent desire for independence, with the result that he sometimes shows stubbornness. If the dog decides that she will not do something, then convince her to reverse hard. Getting the dog to obey by force - it is impossible (and unnecessary). Need to show restraint, patience, perseverance and modern methods of training.
Bouvier throughout life remains playful and cheerful disposition. But this does not mean that he is stupid. On the contrary, playfulness - sometimes a result of high intelligence. The house is almost imperceptible Bouvier, he barks only in exceptional cases. With strangers behave with restraint and caution, it is excellent keeper and defender. He cares for children and elderly family, feeling that they are weak and defenseless. The dog needs daily exercise, a job she misses and loses shape. The best version of this breed - "Country": The dog lives in the house with their owners, but has the freedom to go out into the garden or on a private plot (however, this is probably the best option for the vast majority of the content of breeds of dogs, except for the sled and herding .) Bad weather is not terrible for a Bouvier: good thick coat protects the dog from temperature extremes and moisture. The owner of a Bouvier has always paid a lot of time with the serious business dog. It can be integrated international standards and IRO SchH, agility and all kinds of rings. In competition for complex protective services, Bouvier often wins prizes, competing in these disciplines with the Malinois and German Shepherd.
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